Eastern white pine
Pines make up a large family comprising a hundred species and numerous varieties. Many of these can be found in Penderecki’s park. The Eastern white pine can grow up to 60 metres tall in its natural habitat in the Appalachians; it can live to be 500. The one by the manor is probably around 150 years old, as confirmed by a drawing by the well-known Polish painter Jacek Malczewski.
Other outstanding pine species in the park include the Rocky Mountain bristlecone pine, five-needle pine, and Himalayan (blue) pine. A pine is also the subject of Stefan Witwicki’s poem set by Penderecki in one of the songs from the cycle A Sea of Dreams Did Breathe on Me…